In this time of global lockdowns, and with an increasing part of our lives taking place via the internet, cybercrime risks are increasing. This is especially true for the shady dark web, with cryptocurrencies as the financial driver behind those crimes. With smart technology, such as the Dark Web Monitor, worldwide collaboration in research and innovation into the dark web and financial cybercrime, TNO and CFLW take the fight against cybercrime to the next level.
Thresholds to commit cybercrime are still lowering
Cybercrime does not adhere to the traditional national borders. Criminal organizations operate across borders and in many countries at the same time.No time to waste for combating cybercrime. An example of a smart solution is the Dark Web Monitor, an open source intelligence source. Van der Weide: “TNO developed a proof-of-concept. On the basis of a license agreement, cooperation partner CFLW Cyber Strategies brings the Dark Web Monitor to an operationally usable and managed solution.”
Dark Web Monitor provides Strategic Insights and Operational Perspectives
Mark van Staalduinen is managing director of CFLW. He explains: “Just as Google indexes all web pages, the Dark Web Monitor does it for the dark web, so you can search and perform advanced analysis. We also select relevant entities that mainly use judicial organizations to enrich their analysis of illegal activities. A more complete picture helps to connect the dots in these complex criminal cases.”
International cooperation leads to new projects
Cybercrime quickly transcends borders. That is why TNO works together internationally, such as with governments and companies in Singapore. Singapore, like the Netherlands, is a relatively small country that, as a kind of hub, is an important gateway to other parts of the world. Equinix Singapore, like the Amsterdam Internet Exchange (AMS-IX), is a critical data hub for the region. To shape this public-private partnership, TNO and CFLW work together as Partners for International Business (PIB) of the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO).
“The dialogue in the PIB creates mutual understanding for our global challenges and we spot opportunities to solve them”, Van Staalduinen continues. “On the one hand, we learn from research and innovation that governments, banks and companies in Singapore conduct and what works and what doesn’t. On the other hand, we have solutions for cybercrime prevention that they are not familiar with. This partnership creates new projects that are good for the Netherlands and Singapore.”
Bring cyber expertise to next level globally
International cooperation in combating cybercrime is therefore crucial. Van Staalduinen: “As the Netherlands, we work well together in Europe, but the world is bigger. That is why we develop relationships all over the world with which we can take cyber knowledge to a higher level together.
Public Prosecution Office in Bavaria successfully uses technology
Via the INTERPOL Working Group on Darknet and Cryptocurrencies, the Bavarian State Ministry of Justice became interested in the Dark Web Monitor. Van Staalduinen: “That is why we signed a Memorandum of Understanding last year to accelerate the development of strategic enforcement technologies. This allows them to start using the Dark Web Monitor for operational use.”
The developments on the criminal side are going fast such that there is no time to work towards solutions in a structured way for years. It requires tools that can be deployed almost immediately, even if only in concept.
Consistent use of languages in fighting cybercrime is key
Anyone who works together internationally and exchanges information, and for example receives data from another research lab for a request for legal assistance, must speak the same language. To make this possible, TNO is working with INTERPOL on a taxonomy. Freek Bomhof of TNO: “It is a glossary, intended to divide the world of dark web, virtual assets and everything related to cryptocurrency into clear and unambiguous chunks.”
150 police officers from all around the world are contributing
INTERPOL is the driver in the working group that stimulates unambiguous language use. CFLW Cyber Strategies also participates to adopt the taxonomy for its use in Dark Web Monitor, as well as the Austrian Institute of Technology (AIT) for cryptocurrency analysis with GraphSense. Bomhof: “In December, we brainstormed in the INTERPOL working group with 150 police officers from all over the world about additions to the first concept. We expect to be able to deliver the database as a useful tool on the internet around the summer.”
Privacy-friendly techniques to share and analyse data
“The last example of a smart technology that stimulates cooperation across borders between countries and organizations is the cryptographic and privacy-friendly technique Secure Multi-Party Computation (MPC),” concludes Van der Weide. “By means of MPC, the data itself is not shared, but joint analysis can be carried out on encrypted data. In this way, different organizations can work together in an environment with privacy-sensitive data from each other. This makes it more difficult for criminal organizations to avoid detection mechanisms by spreading malicious activities over a number of banks. We will continue to use these and other techniques to work together with different organisations to combat cybercrime worldwide.”