More effective training and practice by cooperating security professionals from all types of auxiliary services, in partnership with private security companies is required. This refers to complex situations that necessitate multidisciplinary and multilevel cooperation. Complicating factors can be aspects such as violence and escalation of violence, application of new techniques, procedures and doctrines, or conflicts between ethics and effectiveness.
Many relevant scenarios do not lend themselves to testing in practice, and must be simulated in some way. Serious gaming and applied gaming technologies and resources may, in many cases, be the answer, provided they can be adequately validated. This may involve organic training and practice in more or less standard situations, or might be preparation for a specific mission. Outside of the training context, gaming technologies have the potential to help answer questions about the distribution of responsibilities in the event of incidents.