Over the past twenty years, the concept of security has seen a transition. It has broadened and has become interwoven with other areas as a result of new and more far-reaching threats. As a result of these changing threats, the response side similarly broadened and became interlinked. Security organisations have expanded their working spheres both horizontally and vertically. This trend has led to the establishment of security regions, boosting of civil/military cooperation, the institution of a National Police Force, and expansion of procedures for supra-regional crisis cooperation.
All in all, crisis management is increasingly becoming a multi-party network challenge. Solutions have to be conceived within an ecosystem of a wide range of public and private parties that have to be able to come and work together, with or without the help of a coordinating party.
The network connections are sometimes short and temporary in nature; indeed, with the increasing number of parties with a role in security (including the public and the business sector), this may well be more and more the standard. This puts additional demands on the processes, structures and systems designed to connect actors in networks and chains quickly, on an ad hoc basis, and yet still in a reliable manner. New ways of coalition-building and cooperation are required. Setting up pre-competitive experimental environments can be useful here.